A Short Study of the Development of the Libido, Viewed in the Light of Mental Disorders : 1924 : Karl Abraham

by Julia Evans on January 1, 1924

Pages 418–501 in Selected Papers of Karl Abraham : with an introductory memoir by Ernest Jones : Translated by Douglas Bryan & Alix Strachey : Hogarth Press : 1927

First published as Versuch einer Entwicklungsgeschichte der Libido auf Grund der Psychoanalyse seeliscer Störungen.

Full text of “Selected Papers Of Karl Abraham M D” : published by www.archive.org : available here

Text of A Short Study of the Development of the Libido, Viewed in the Light of Mental Disorders : Available from www.LacanianWorksExchange.net /authors a-z

Titles:

XXVI. A SHORT STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LlBIDO, VIEWED IN THE LlGHT OF MENTAL DISORDERS (1924) . . . . .418

PART I

MANIC-DEPRESSIVE STATES AND THE PRE-GENITAL LEVELS OF THE LIBIDO . . . p418 .

Introduction 
p418

1) Melancholia and Obsessional Neurosis p422

2) Object-Loss and Introjection in Normal Mourning and in Abnormal States of Mind p433

3) The Process of Introjection in Melancholia: Two Stages of the Oral Phase of the Libido p442

4) Notes on the Psychogenesis of Melancholia . p453

5) The Infantile Prototype of Melancholic Depression p464

6) Mania p470

7) The Psycho-Analytic Therapy of Manic-Depressive States p476

PART II

ORIGINS AND GROWTH OF OBJECT-LOVE p480

References by Jacques Lacan

P7 of EC Collectives’ translation of Seminar IV : Session of 21st November 1956 : See Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

Probably P77 of Jacqueline Rose’s translation of  The Meaning (or Signification) of the Phallus (Munich): 9th May 1958 : Jacques Lacan  : See here : Quote : There would be no point in asking these authors to formulate this difference from the perspective of object relations which is currently in favour. This being for lack of any reference on the matter other than the loose notion of the part object, uncriticised since Karl Abraham first introduced it, which is more the pity in view of the easy option which it provides today.

Quotations from Sigmund Freud

P418 & p433 & p437

& p442 : But our surprise is lessened when we recollect Freud’s explanation of the mechanism of melancholia. We have only to reverse his statement that ‘the shadow of the lost love-object falls upon ego’ and say that in this case it was not the
shadow but the bright radiance of his loved mother which was shed upon her son. :

& p454 : As far as I know, orthodox clinical psychiatry has failed to notice this important characteristic of melancholia. Freud, however, recognized it. Speaking of these patients he says: ‘Moreover, they
are far from evincing towards those around them the attitude of humility and submission that alone would befit such worthless persons; on the contrary, they give a great deal of trouble, perpetually taking offence and behaving as if they had been treated with great injustice ‘. : Mourning and Melancholia: 1915 [1917]: Sigmund Freud : Also you will find Freud’s paper in English with the original German text laid out in the right hand column : published by www.Freud2Lacan.com : available here

P419 : A little later he gave a detailed description of a still earlier phase, the oral or cannibalistic one : In the third edition of his Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie. : Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality: 1905d : Sigmund Freud

P420 : In the second place, Freud has recently given a more definite direction to our investigation of states of manic exaltation. : & p438 : Recent observations, those of Freud in the first instance, have shown that introjection is a far commoner psychological process than has hitherto been supposed. I should like to refer in particular to a remark of Freud’s concerning the psycho-analysis of homosexuality : Group Psychology & the Analysis of the Ego: 1921 : Sigmund Freud : You will find Freud’s paper in English with the original German text laid out in the right hand column : published by www.Freud2Lacan.com : available here

P452 : And this leads us to a result which seems to coincide perfectly with Freud’s recently published view that there exists an early stage of the genital phase – what he calls a ‘phallic phase’. : ‘The Infantile Genital of the Libido Organisation’ (1923). : now published as The infantile genital organization: An interpolation into the theory of sexuality : 1923e : Sigmund Freud

P461 : Our material goes to show that the pathological self-criticism of the melancholiac emanates from this introjected object. : Freud’s The Ego and the Id appeared shortly after I had written this part of my book. In it he gives such a lucid account of the process that I need only refer the reader to its pages. To give a résumé of it would only be to render it less clear. : The Ego & the Id : 1920: Sigmund Freud

P467 : Going back to his childhood dream, the patient compared the impression the scene made on him with the petrifying sight of the Gorgon’s head. : Freud’s analysis of this myth in ‘The Infantile Genital Organization of the Libido’
 (1923). : as above

P470-471 : Freud, in one of his most recent publications, has put forward a view of it which at at any rate renders its relation to melancholic depression more comprehensible. We know that one of the principal respects in which the two conditions differ from one another is in the relation of the individual to his super-ego. According to Freud’s view, the child forms its super-ego by introjecting the objects of its libido into its ego, of which they henceforward form an organic part. The super-ego takes on those functions of criticizing the behaviour of the ego which form the individual into a social being. : For this reason Freud takes the view that in the manic condition the patient is celebrating a triumph over the object he once loved and then gave up and introjected. The ‘shadow of the object’ which had fallen on his ego has passed away.
 : No reference given

& p490 : A remarkable to this ‘partial love’ is seen in the ‘partial identification’ of the individual with his love-object, as Freud has briefly outlined it in his Group Psychology (p. 64) : Group Psychology & the Analysis of the Ego: 1921 : Sigmund Freud : You will find Freud’s paper in English with the original German text laid out in the right hand column : published by www.Freud2Lacan.com : available here

P480 : Part II : Since Freud’s classical work on this subject x we are accustomed to distinguish the sexual aims of the individual from those processes which concern his relations to his sexual object. : Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie (1905). : Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality: 1905d : Sigmund Freud

P492 : We may compare with this the phantasies of little Hans, in which he takes the giraffe, who represents his mother, away from his father and then sits down upon it : Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy – ‘Little Hans’: 1909 : Sigmund Freud. Other texts which refer to ‘Little Hans’ here

P494-495 : As early as in the first edition of his Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie Freud pointed out that hysterics reject the normal, genital sexual aim, and put in its place other, ‘perverse’ aims. We shall remain in agreement with his view in proposing to set up a stage of object-love with the exclusion of the genitals. : Such a stage of object-love with genital exclusion seems to coincide in time and
aims. We shall remain in agreement with his view in time with Freud’s ‘phallic stage’ in the psychosexual development of the individual, and moreover to have close internal relations with it.
We may look upon hysterical symptoms as the obverse of those libidinal impulses which belong to object-love with genital exclusion and to the phallic organization. : no reference given but probably Three Essays as above.

p500 : Freud has already alluded to this fact; and I will quote the passage here: ‘The sadistic-anal organization can easily be regarded as a continuation and development of the oral one. The violent muscular activity, directed upon the object, by which it is characterized, is to be explained as an action preparatory to eating. The eating then ceases to be a sexual aim and the preparatory action becomes a sufficient aim in itself. The essential novelty, as compared with the previous stage, is that the receptive passive function becomes disengaged from the oral zone and attached to the anal zone.’ : From the History of an infantile neurosis (The ‘Wolf Man’) : 1914 [1918] : Sigmund Freud : For further texts linked to the ‘Wolf Man’ see here  

 

Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst in Earl’s Court, London

 

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Further posts :

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Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here

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