Transfert à Saint Denis? : Lacan pour Vincennes ! : Il y a quatre discours. (There are four discourses) : 22nd October 1978 : Jacques Lacan

by Julia Evans on October 22, 1978

English translation

“There are four discourses…”, translated by Adrian Price in Culture/Clinic, Issue 1, Spring 2013 : I would be most grateful to receive a copy.  Thank you.

Published in French:

1) Ornicar ? : n°17/18 : 1979 : pp. 278.


3) available here

The second paragraph:

Comment faire pour enseigner ce qui ne s’enseigne pas ? Voilà ce dans quoi Freud a cheminé [Cheminer?]. Il a considéré que rien n’est que rêve, et que tout le monde (si l’on peut dire une pareille expression), tout le monde est fou c’est-à-dire délirant.

Roughly translated:

How to teach what cannot be taught? That is what Freud has crystallised [found a way?]. He considered that everything is but a dream, and everyone (if one uses an equivalent expression), everyone is mad that is to say delusional.

Commented on:

From ‘Who is Mad & Who is not’ : by Pierre-Gilles Guéguen : Presentation given on September 18th 2010, at the Irish Circle of the Lacanian Orientation-New Lacanian School (, Clinical Conversation on « Differential Diagnosis in Psychoanalysis » :

Available here

Quote : On one hand, in the name of psychoanalysis, he discards any kind of segregation of our fellow humans (for example when he defines madness as the essence of human liberty in his first Écrits [13] or when he proclaims in 1976 that “Everyone is mad”)[14] ; this is the Lacan in favor of continuism.

[13] Lacan, J. “Presentation on Psychical Causality : 28th September 1946”, in Écrits, op. cit., p.121.

See Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan or here for information and availability.

[14] Lacan, J., Ornicar ?, Issue 17-18, 1979, p. 278

Further texts:

Posts in the ‘Jacques Lacan’ category : here

Posts in the Pierre-Gilles Guéguen category : here