Three Enigmas: Meaning, Signification, Jouissance : February 1993 : Éric Laurent

by Julia Evans on February 1, 1993

Originally published : LAURENT, Éric. Trois enigmes: le sens, la signification, la jouissance. In: Revue de La Cause Freudienne n. 23. Paris, fev. 1993, p. 43-50.

Published in translation by Heather Chamberlain

1) Psychoanalytic Notebooks, No 12, 2003, p27-40

Available here

2) p116-127 of ‘The Later Lacan: An introduction’: Eds Véronique Voruz & Bogdan Wolf: SUNY press: 2007

Availability of references

3. S.Freud, Letter 71 to W. Fliess (15 October 1897), The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud vol. l, p.265.
 :

Letter to Wilhelm Fliess of 15th October 1897: known as Letter 71 : Sigmund Freud : See here  (Mentions both Oedipus & Hamlet)

4. S. Freud, Psychoanalytic Notes 0n an Autobiographical account of a case of paranoia (Dementia paranoides) (Schreber), The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud vol XIl, p. 35.
p35-36, p70, p71 :

Case history of Schreber: 1910: Sigmund Freud : See here

9. S. Freud, The loss of reality in neurosis and psychosis, Penguin Freud Library 10, p.226 end of text.

From Laurent: he will conclude his text: “Thus we see that both in neurosis and psychosis there comes into consideration the question not only of a loss of reality but also of a substitute for reality

Loss of Reality in Neurosis and Psychosis : 1924 : Sigmund Freud : SE 19 p181-187

10. J. Lacan, De la psychose paranoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personnalité (Paris:Seuil, 1975), p. 43-4, p211

Some translations are available Of paranoiac psychosis The Case of Aimée, or Self-punitive Paranoia: 1932: Jacques Lacan or here

From Laurent : We will now distinguish three parts in Lacan’s approach to this question of the enigmatic experience in psychoses. The first part will be “Propos sur la causalité psychique”, or enigma and meaning. The second part will be “Function and field of speechand language in psychoanalysis” up to Seminar III, The psychoses, which could be entitled: from enigma to signification. The third part goes from the text that Lacan wrote as a preface to the writings of President Schreber in Cahiers pour I’analyse in1967 to “Joyce-le-symptôme”(1975)

See Joyce the Symptôm (Sinthôme) I & II : 16th June 1975 : Jacques Lacan : See here

or Seminar XXIII: The Sinthome or Joyce and the Sinthome: 1975-1976: beginning on November 18th 1975 : Jacques Lacan or here

12. J. Lacan, Propos sur la causalité psychique, Écrits (Paris: Seuil, 1966), p.166, 165, 178

Presentation on Psychical Causality : 28th September 1946 : Jacques Lacan

P166 = p135 of Bruce Fink’s translation

P165 = p134 of Bruce Fink’s translation

P178 = p145 of Bruce Fink’s translation

Availability Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan or here

16. Lacan, Function and Field of Speech in Psychoanalysis, Écrits (London & New York : Routledge, 1977, 2002), p74.
p75

The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan : See here

P74, p75 are from Alan Sheridan’s translation : just before Section III The resonances of interpretation and the time of the subject in psychoanalytic technique

18. Lacan, On a question preliminary to any possible treatment of psychosis,

Ecrits (London & New York: Routledge, 1977, 2002), p. 205, 214-215, p237

On a question preliminary to any possible treatment of psychosis : 1955-1956 : two most important parts of Seminar III : Jacques Lacan : See here : the page numbers are from Alan Sheridan’s translation : p214-215 is just before Section V Post-scriptum : p237 is wrong, the quotation is as follows : p214 of Alan Sheridan’s translation : Like Freud, I hold that we must listen to the speaker, when it is a question of a message that does not come from a subject beyond language, but from speech beyond the subject. For only then will one hear that speech, which Schreber captured in the Other, …

21. Séminaire III, p28

Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan : See here

From Laurent : In Seminar III, which preceded “On a question preliminary …”, Lacan insisted on the point that, contrary to what Wernicke had claimed, a delusion is not the explication of a primitive experience. He strongly underlines that elementary phenomena already have the structure of the delusion, and that delusion has exactly the same structure as the elementary phenomenon.

P26 of Russell Grigg’s translation : Seminar III : 23rd November 1955 : What is important isn’t that the elementary phenomenon should be an initial nucleus, a parasitic point as de Clerambault used to say, inside the personality, around which the subject supposedly constructs something, a fibrous reaction destined to envelop and enclose it in a cyst, and at the same time to integrate it, that is to explain it, as is often said. A delusion isn’t deduced. It reproduces its same constitutive force. It, too, is an elementary phenomenon. This means that here the notion of element is to be taken in no other way than as structure, differentiated structure, irreducible to any- thing other than itself.

P74 of Russell Grigg’s translation : Seminar III : 11th January 1956 : This constitutes what is called, whether rightly or wrongly, the elementary phenomenon or, as a more developed phenomenon, delusional belief.

22. J. Lacan, De la psychose paranoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personnalité (Paris:Seuil, 1975), p297, note 58

Some translations are available Of paranoiac psychosis The Case of Aimée, or Self-punitive Paranoia: 1932: Jacques Lacan or here

24. J. Lacan, Présentation, Cahiers pour l’annlyse 5 (novembre/décembre 1966) p,.70.

Presentation of the ‘Memoirs’ of President Schreber in French translation: November 1966: Jacques Lacan : See here

19. Lacan, L’Étourdit, Scilicet 4 (Paris : Seuil, 1973) p30-31

L’Étourdit: 1972: Jacques Lacan : See here

Also in Autres Écrits: 2001 : Jacques Lacan : See here

Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst, Earl’s Court, London

Further texts

Of the clinic : here

From LW working groups : here

By Éric Laurent here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud : here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here