The Number Thirteen and the Logical Form of Suspicion : 1946 : Jacques Lacan

by Julia Evans on January 1, 1946

This text was probably written or presented before March 1945 – see below. 1946 is the date when it was first published.  It was sent to me attached to an email.

The translator may be S. Gross or S. Seth or both.

It is available here

Or here


7th  December 2018 : To request a copy of any text whose weblinkdoes not work, contact Julia Evans: : For fuller details, see Notice : Availability of texts from LacanianWorks by Julia Evans or here



Available with the French & 2 English translation (Simon Gros & Samya Seth) at Richard G. Klein’s site,, and here

In French :

– « Le nombre treize et la forme logique de la suspicion » paru dans Cahiers d’art, 1946, pp. 389-393.

– As published by École Lacanienne – Pas Tout Lacan   :  available here

– p85 – 100 of Autres Écrits: 2001 : Jacques Lacan : See here

- Text at the beginning :  Plus inaccessible à nos yeux, faits pour les signes du changeur…  (Discours sur la causalité psychique.)

Presentation on Psychical Causality : Time-line: This presentation was given on 28thSeptember 1946, at the psychiatric conference held in Bonneval. It was published in [Evolution Psychiatrique Xll, I (1947): p123-65], and in a volume entitled Le Problème de la psychogenèse des Névroses et des Psychoses (“The Problem of the Psychogenesis of the Neuroses and Psychoses”), by Lucien Bonnafé, Henri Ey, Sven Follin, Jacques Lacan, and Julien Rouart (Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1950), p23-54

Published in Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan: See here

Translated by Bruce Fink : Available here

- Footnote p2 : Footnote to this section: The study developed here situates itself within the initial formal analyses of a collective logic, to which it was already referred in a text published in the previous number of the ‘Cahiers D’Art’, under the title of ‘Logical Time and the Assertion of Anticipated Certainty’. [See ** below]

The form developed here, although it compares succession, is not of the order of logical time and situates itself as being prior to it in our development. 
It is part of our exemplary approaches to the conception of logical forms in which the relations of the individual to the collection must be defined, before a class is constituted, that is, before the individual is specified.

This conception is developed within a logic of the subject which our other study allows us to distinctively discern, given that, at the end of the text, we have even tried to formulate the subjective syllogism through which the subject of existence assimilates himself to the essence, which is, for us, radically cultural, to which one applies the term humanity.

**See Logical Time and the Assertion of Anticipated Certainty: A New Sophism : March 1945 : Jacques Lacan or here  Time-line : This paper was written in March 1945 and published in a special issue, entitled 1940-1944, of Les Cahiers d’Art (1945): p32-42


Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst, Earl’s Court, London


Other texts

Autres Écrits: 2001 : Jacques Lacan : See here

Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan: See here

Of the clinic here

Use of power here

Some Lacanian History : here

Topology : here

Lacanian Transmission : here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud : here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here