La psychanalyse et les problèmes de l’enfance : October 1956 : Juliette Favez-Boutonier

by Julia Evans on October 1, 1956

Available in French only

Published, Les Études philosophiques, Nouvelle Série, 11e Année, No. 4, Psychanalyse (Octobre/Decembre 1956), pp. 628-633

Available at www.LacanianWorksExchange.net  /authors a-z or authors by date

Citation in Seminar IV

From Seminar IV : 27th February 1957 : Jacques Lacan, See Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here 

Para 20-draft translation : … on the topic of the eroticisation of the breast, for example, by Mr. Charles Blondel. In the latest issue of Etudes philosophiques, focused on Freudian commentary, Mrs. Faver-Boutonier reminds us in one of her articles that Blondel said: “I am quite open-minded, but what do they make of the case in which the child is not fed by the mother’s breast, but by a bottle?” 

p628-629 of this text : Pour nous faire mieux comprendre, nous reprendrons ici un exemple que nous avons déjà cité ailleurs (i). Le philosophe Charles Blondel pouvait écrire, en 1924 : 

Quand je lis, par exemple, que  “le sein matemel forme le premier objet de l’instinct sexuel”, je ne songe pas un instant à me scandaliser, je vous I’assure ; les mots restent pour moi des mots, de quelque manière qu’on les accouple, et je n’ai pas pour eux le moindre respect. Devant pareille affirmation, je me demande simplement avec curiosité quel sera, dans ces conditions, pour les enfants élevés au biberon, le premier objet sexuel (…). Ce n’est pas ma faute si les objections que l’on est amené à opposer à Freud ont souvent l’air de plaisanteries, constatation dont il y aurait peut-être gros à conclure. Mon objection est naturelle, nécessaire. Du moment que les événements de l’enfance ont une importance capitale pour le developpement de la libido, il ne saurait être indifferent que l’enfant soit élevé au biberon et n’ait point, par conséquent, le sein maternel pour premier objet sexuel, ou devienne prématurément orphelin, et, par conséquent, grandisse dans des conditions où le complexe d’OEdipe se trouve “normalement irrealisable” (i). 

(i) Psychanalyse et philosophic, Bulletin de la Société française de Philosophie, no 1, Janvier-mars 1955. 

Via Google translate :

To make ourselves better understood, we will use here an example that we have already cited elsewhere (i). The philosopher Charles Blondel could write, in 1924:

When I read, for example, that “the maternal breast forms the first object of the sexual instinct”, I do not think for a moment of scandalizing myself, I assure you; words remain words for me, however you put them together, and I have no respect for them. Faced with such a statement, I simply wonder with curiosity what will be, under these conditions, for children brought up with a bottle, the first sexual object (…). It is not my fault that the objections that one is led to raise against Freud often seem like jokes, a finding from which there might be a lot to conclude. My objection is natural, necessary. From the moment that the events of childhood are of capital importance for the development of the libido, it cannot be indifferent that the child is brought up in a bottle and therefore does not have the maternal breast as the first sexual object, or becomes prematurely orphaned, and therefore grows up under conditions where the Oedipus complex is found to be “normally unrealizable”

Juliet Favez-Boutonnier, Description (from Wikipedia)

Juliet Favez-Boutonnier was a French academic, psychologist and psychoanalyst. 

Born: 1903, Grasse, France Died: 13 April 1994, Paris, France Education: University of Paris

Organizations founded: Société Française de Psychanalyse, l’Association psychanalytique de France

Influenced by: Sigmund Freud, René Laforgue, Gaston Bachelard

Colleagues  : Daniel Lagache, Françoise Dolto, Didier Anzieu, Wladimir Granoff

Favez-Boutonnier is in contact with Lacan in the SPP- Société Psychanalytique de Paris & Sainte-Anne Hospital. While working for the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) she presented several papers to the SPP and was elected a member in 1946. Having trained in clinical psychopathology at the Sainte-Anne Hospital, she was put in charge of the Centre Psychopédagogique Claude-Bernard. She was soon replaced by André Berge, for that same year she was appointed professor in the humanities department at the University of Strasbourg.

Charles Blondel  (from Wikipedia) 

Charles Aimé Alfred Blondel is a French philosopher , psychologist and doctor , born in Lyon on October 10, 1876 and died in Paris on February 19, 1939

He participated in the First World War and after his demobilization in 1919, he was responsible the same year for teaching philosophy at the Faculty of Letters in Strasbourg and then lecturer in psychology. From 1919 to 1937, he was professor of experimental psychology at this university, which was also attended by the precursors of the École des Annales , Marc Bloch , Lucien Febvre, who borrowed the concept of mentality from him . Emmanuel Levinas , Maurice Blanchot and Henri Ellenberger follow his courses. He is a virulent critic of psychoanalysis that he describes in 1923 “Scientific obscenity [7]” . [7] Annick Ohayon: Psychologie et psychanalyse en France : L’impossible rencontre (1919-1969) ,  Publisher: La Découverte; New ed. 2006,

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Julia Evans    

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst, London & Sandwich, Kent

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Further posts:

Some Lacanian history here

Lacanian Transmission here    

Of the clinic  here 

Use of power here 

Translation Working Group here 

By Sigmund Freud here 

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud  here 

By Jacques Lacan here    

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here 

By Juliette Favez-Boutonier  here  

By Julia Evans here