Early Stages of the Œdipus conflict : 3rd September 1927 Innsbruck [1928] : Melanie Klein

by Julia Evans on September 3, 1927

Read at the Tenth International Psycho-Analytical Congress, Innsbruck, September 3, 1927.


International Journal of Psycho-Analysis : Vol 9 : p167

Available at www.LacanianWorksExchange.net  /authors a-z

Quoted by Jacques Lacan

– Probably the case of ‘Little Richard’ : P18-19 of Mark Bracher, Russell Grigg, Robert Samuels’ translation of A Theoretical Introduction to the Functions of Psychoanalysis in Criminology (Paris?) : 29th May 1950 : Jacques Lacan : See here : ‘Melanie Klein affirms the categories of Good and of evil at the preverbal stage of behaviour, posing the problem of the retroactive implication of meaning at a stage prior to the appearance of language. We know how her method – playing in spite of all objection with the tensions of the Oedipal complex in an extremely early interpretation of the intentions of a small child – cut this knot by action, and not without provoking passionate debates about her theories.’ Footnote xix

– Seminar IV : 28th November 1957 : See Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

– The Meaning (or Signification) of the Phallus (Munich): 9th May 1958 : Jacques Lacan  or here  : p78 of Jacqueline Rose’s translation : What does he actually gain by normalising the function of the phallus as part object if he has to invoke its presence in the mother’s body as internal object, a term which is a function of the fantasies uncovered by Melanie Klein. : p38 of this text. : It does not seem clear why a child of, say, four years old should set up in his mind an unreal, phantastic image of parents who devour, cut and bite.

Quotes from Sigmund Freud

NOTE : None of these quotes give their origin…..

P173 : In girls, however, onanism does not afford anything like so adequate an outlet for these quantities of excitation as it does in boys. Hence the accumulated lack of satisfaction provides yet another reason for more complications and disturbances of female sexual development. The difficulty of obtaining complete gratification by onanism may be another cause, besides those indicated by Freud, for the girl’s repudiation of the practice, and may partly explain why, during her struggle to give it up, manual masturbation is generally replaced by pressing the legs together.

P176 ; Moreover, it is bound to make a difference that the boy’s anxiety is determined by the paternal and the girl’s by the maternal super- ego.

Freud has said that the girl’s super-ego develops on different lines from that of the boy. We constantly find confirmation of the fact that jealousy plays a greater part in women’s lives than in men’s, because it is reinforced by deflected envy of the male on account of the penis.

P178 : To sum up my conclusions: I wish above all to point out that they do not, in my opinion, contradict the statements of Professor Freud. I think that the essential point in the additional considerations which I have advanced is that I date these processes earlier and that the different phases (especially in the initial stages) merge more freely in one another than was hitherto supposed.

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Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst, London

Further posts:

Some Lacanian history here

Of the clinic here

By Melanie Klein  here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here

Translation Working Group here

Use of power here