La Psychanalyse des Enfants : 1956 : Serge Lebovici, René Diatkine, Jean Alphonse Favreau. Patrick Luquet et Catherine Luquet-Parat [J. Luquet-Parat]

by Julia Evans on January 1, 1956


I.  L’histoire conjointe de la sychiatrie infantile et de la psychanalyse p170

II. Le développement de la psychanalyse infantile, son apport à la psychiatrie infantile p176

III. Les applications thérapeutiques de la psychanalyse chez l’enfant          p189


Published in English

Serge Lebovici, René Diatkine, Jean Alphonse Favreau. Patrick Luquet et Catherine Luquet-Parat [J. Luquet-Parat], The psychoanalysis of children, 1956 :

P99-122 of Psychoanalysis of Today : Compiled by S. Nacht : Edited by Ruth Emma Roman : Grune & Stratton 1959 : London & New York

Translated by R. J. Hilton.

Note: The English translation is an edited version and misses some paragraphs.  It is available on request to

Published in French

La Psychanalyse des enfants : by S. Lebovici, R. Diatkine, J. A. Favreau, P. Luquet et [C.] J. Luquet-Parat : P169-236  of

La psychanalyse d’aujourd’hui, Work published under the direction of S. Nacht in collaboration with M. Bouvet, R. Diatkine, A. Doumic, J. Favreau, M. Held, S. Lebovici, P. Luquet, J. Luquet-Parat, P. Male, J. Mallet, F. Pasche, M. Renard, Preface by E. Jones

and J. de Ajuriaguerra, G. Bordarracco, M. Benassy, A. Berge, M. Bonaparte, M. Fain, P. Marty, P.C. Racamier, M. Schlumberger, S. Widerman ; P.U.F ; 1956

The complete French text is available on request to

References to Jacques Lacan & Sigmund Freud in this text

Reference 11 : p176 of this text :Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality: Sigmund Freud : 1905d : SE VII p123-245

Reference 12 : p201 of the text : Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy – ‘Little Hans’: 1909 : Sigmund Freud : SE X p5-149 : Available from Richard G. Klein’s web-site or here

Reference 25 : quote from p223 of this text : Un des phénomènes les plus fréquents qu’on observe en psychanalyse d’enfant est ce qu’on pourrair appeler “l’idcntification narcissique” : dans ses jeux, l’enfant donne sa place à l’analyste et désire jouer le rôle du “docteur”. Il se rassure ainsi, par ce transfert narcissique, sur le fait que, respectant la personne de I’analyste, réciproquement il ne court aucun danger durant le traitement : selon nous, il s’agit là de l’essentiel de ce que Lacan, reprenant les travaux de Preyer et de Wallon, a décrit sous le nom de “stade du miroir”. : See notes & references Mirror Stage: 16th June 1936 (Paris), 3rd August 1936 (Marienbad), 1938, 17th July 1949 (Zurich), 1966: Jacques Lacan  or  here

: refers to The Mirror Stage as a Formative Structuring of the ‘I’ : 17th July 1949 (Zurich) : Jacques Lacan

Translated Jean Roussel:

1a) The Mirror-phase as Formative of the Function of the I: 1949: New Left Review: no 51: 1968: p71-77

Available here

1b) Reprinted in Slavoj Žižek (ed) Mapping Ideology: Verso, London & New York: 1994: p93-99

  1. Translated Alan Sheridan

2a).   Translated, from the 1966 edition of the Écrits, by Alan Sheridan: The Mirror-phase as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Experience: 1949

Published: Écrits, a selection: London, Tavistock: 1977: p1-7

Available here

OR see Richard G. Klein’s site,, available here

Referenced by Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan only gave the exact reference to Sacha Nacht’s collection in The Direction of the Treatment and the Principles of its Power:10th-13th July 1958 : Jacques Lacan – see here This point is made in Réginald Blanchet’s commentary – see below. The following are the quotes from  Seminar IV : 16rdJanuary 1957 & the page reference in this text.

Availability in translation : Seminar IV : The Relation of Object and Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : from 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

Translators : Earl’s Court Collective: Alma Buholzer, Greg Hynds, Jesse Cohn,
Julia Evans  (,

P1:To be sure, this lack can be felt everywhere. I recently saw it reviving itself in my mind while watching Anna Freud’s ideas confront Melanie Klein’s : this discussion is form p193 to 201

P1 : No doubt Anna Freud has since watered down her approach considerably, but she founded the principles of her analysis of children on such remarks as the following. That, for example, no transference can occur – at least, no transference neurosis – because, as children are still involved in the situation which generates neurotic tension, there can be no transference, properly speaking, for something which is in the process of playing itself out. : p194

P1 : Then, on the other hand, the fact that they can still have a relation to the objects of their inaugural attachment – … : round about p197

P1 : …and Anna Freud pays tribute here to something like a premonition of the importance of the essential function of speech in the analytic relationship. Surely, she says, the child can have a different relationship to speech than the adult, such that he must be approached with the help of those playful tactics which are the techniques of child analysis. : probably p197

P1 : Already between the ages of two and a half and three, the situation is greatly modified in relation to what can be observed in the real relations. : probably p227

P2 . It could be observed that this child nonetheless re-constituted an entire family drama with a father, a mother, and even brother and sister rivals – I cite. : The only indication where this might be is at the bottom of p217 ; Nous ne citerons qu’un exemple fréquemment observé dans les services de ‘Child-Guidance’ [Anna Freud] : depuis les travaux de M. Klein et de ses élèves : This requires more investigation……

Related text

Clinical analysis : 1956 : Maurice Bouvet or here

Commentary on Jacques Lacan & Sacha Nacht

What is concealed by the so-called “Cht” and why? : 9th March 2019 : Réginald Blanchet or here



 7th December 2018 : To request a copy of any text whose weblinkdoes not work, contact Julia Evans: : For fuller details, see Notice : Availability of texts from LacanianWorks by Julia Evans or here



Historical perspective:

Originally in French, in a collection of studies published by Dr S. Nacht by the Bibliotheque De L’Institut de Psychanalyse de Paris.

The relationship between Sacha Nach++t & Jacques Lacan

Adapted from ‘Chronology: p209 to 211 of Dany Nobus: ‘Jacques Lacan and the Freudian Practice of Psychoanalysis’: Routledge: 2000:

1952, Summer:  Sacha Nacht (1901-1977), president of the SPP, presents his views on the organization of a new training institute (Institut de Psychanalyse).

1952, December:  Nacht resigns as director of the Institute, and Lacan is elected new director ad interim.

1952-1953:  Lacan’s seminar on Freud’s case of the Rat Man.

1953, 20 January:  Lacan is elected president of the SPP. Creation of the Société Française de Psychanalyse (SFP) by Daniel Lagache (1903-1972), Françoise Dolto (1908-1988) and Juliette Favez-Boutonnier (1903-1994); Lacan joins soon after.

Then …

1959, July: the SFP renews its request for affiliation to the IPA. Nomination of a committee of enquiry.

1961, August: the SFP is accepted as an IPA Study Group on the condition that Lacan and Dolto are progressively removed from their training positions.

1963, August: the IPA stipulates that the SFP will lose its status if Lacan continues to be involved in training matters.

1963, 19 November:  a majority of SFP members decide to accept the IPA recommendation.



Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst in Earl’s Court, London



Further posts:

Some Lacanian history here

Of the clinic here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here

Translation Working Group here

By Serge Lebovici et al  here

By Ruth Lebovici here

By Maurice Bouvet here

By Francis Pasche here

By Michel Renard here

By Michel Fain here

By Pierre Marty here